In the name of God the Beneficent the Merciful
THE MAZHAB OF
GENERAL MASS OF KUFA AND THE POSITION OF SHIA JAMAT.
misleading concept is that the mazhab of the mass of Kufa was
Shia, because they fought in the battle of Jamal, Siffeen and Nahrwaan in
the favor of Hazrat Ali. So it is said that as the Ahlay Kufa killed Hazrat Imam Hussain in
Karbala so the Qatalain-e-Imam Hussain were Shia. This concept is the
result of the total ignorance of the history and the shia school of
thought. This historical misconception developed due to the misunderstanding
of some historical events. As few of them we quote below :-
Hazrat Muslim wrote a letter to Imam Hussain that, please never depend on Ahlay Kufa
as they are those companions of your Father (
Hazrat Ali ) from whom your farther wanted separation at all cast.
The letter of Hazrat Mohammad Hanafiya ( the brother of Imam Hussain
) to Imam Hussain on the occasion of leaving Makkah for Iraq, in this
letter he said, Oh brother, you have the intention to go to Iraq, but you
know batter the deceiving attitude of Ahlay-Kufa with your Father and with
your elder brother, I am afraid that they may do the same with you as
But if we look the above two letters in the light of following tow
then the results become quite clear.
The masses of Iraq and Hijaz did the beyyat ( the oath of
allegiance ) of Hazrat Ali as a first caliph and Wasi-e-Rasool or
after the usman as a fourth caliph of the Holy Prophet ?????
Second Question :
In which school of thought ( Shia or Sunni ) Hazrat Ali is
accepted as a fourth Caliph of Islam.
So the result is very clear that
if the majority of Kufa accepted Hazrat Ali as a first caliph of Holy
Prophet then they were Shia and if they accepted Hazat Ali as a fourth
caliph of Holy Prophet then they were Sunni.
If the majority of Kufa would have accepted Hazrat Ali as a first Caliph
of Holy Prophet by rejecting the first three regimes then the conditioned
would have been quite different. The forces of Ibn-e-Ziyyad who killed
Imam Hussain in Karbala were with the believe that Mawiyah and Yazeed were
the true Caliphs of Islam, is it a shia believe?
From the first very day true Shia of Ahlay Bayt who never accepted the
Khilafat of any one accept that of Hazrat Ali were very few. Even during
the tenure of Hazrat Ali the people with this believe were in minority ,
the majority of the people were with the believe of Ahlay Sunnah but among
these people there was a sufficient majority of the people who were
preferring and accepting Hazrat Ali as a true caliph ( on fourth
position ) against Al-e-Abu Sufiyan and these masses were
apparently called Shia-e-Ali. Here the word Shia was not used with its
true sense, because the true Shia have never taken Hazrat Ali as the
fourth Caliph of Islam.
After the Shahadat of Hazrat Ali and the Sulhu of Imam Hassan the Mawiyah
became the sole ruler of whole Muslim world. His first target were Ahlay
Kufa ( Including Apparent Shia and the true Shia ) The majority of the
people as they were not the true shia could not face the hardship so they
accepted the regime of Mawiyah though they did not like him but on the
other hand true shia of Ahlal Bait never accepted the Al-e-Abu Sufiyyan
so they were being
killed , tortured ,
their houses were destroyed, their
hands were cut,
their eyes were taken out, they were hanged, Many of them were
killed or they left the Kufa and the few who were left over there, were
living under ground. This situation prevailed for twenty
60 Hijrah, Mawiyah died and his son Yazeed came in power. He was famous
for his worst deeds. Once again the masses of Hijaz and Iraq started
thinking to get the rid from Al-e-Abu Sufiyyan. The news that Imam Hussain
has refused from the Beyyat of Yazeed also encouraged the people a lot. A
very small Shia minority which was living under ground decided to come up
for action, so they met at the house of Suleiman Bin Surd Khizai (
At this occasion Hazrat Sulaiman bin Surd, gave the speech as follow
: " Mawiyah has died, Imam Hussain has refused to do the beyyat of
Yazeed and has left Madina for Makkah. You people are the Shia
of Ali, If you are in position to help him and to fight against his
enemies they write a letter to him and if you are unable to do so then
keep quite and don't put his life in dangers. "
People replied that we will help Imam Hussain and will fight against his
enemies. These people were how many it could be easily estimated that they
didn't meet in some big open field but they gathered in a small and normal
house, so how much they could be ?
The first letter was written in which Imam Hussain was requested to come to Kufa , they wrote that we never joined the Governor of Kufa Bashir Bin
Nuomaan in Jumm'a or in Eidein. This letter was taken by Abdullah bin Sabeh and Abdullah bin Wael.
It was was received by Imam Hussain on
10th. of Ramzan in Makkah. When the news about this letter speared in Kufa,
in two days 53 letters were sent to Imam Hussain by the masses of Kufa who
were in a favor of getting rid of Yazeed. The mass of Kufa (
though not the true Shia of Ahlay Bayt ) yet were not in the favor of
Al-e-Abu Sufiyan, so they thought that this will be the best opportunity
to get rid of Yazeed. Therefore, a lot of letters were written to Imam
Hussain by Ahlay Kufa.
The most prominent people of Shia Jamat in Kufa were Habib ibn-e-Mazaher,
Sa'eed Ibne Abdullah, Abdul Rahman Ibn-e-Abdullah, Qais bin Masahr ,Suleman
bin Surd Khezai. Hani bin Urwa , Muslim bin Uosja, Abes bin Abi Shabeeb
Shakri, Mukhtar bin Abu Obaid Saqafi Abu Shama bin Sa'edi etc.
When Hazrat Muslim reached Kufa , Suliman bin Surd Khizai was out of Kufa
and Mukhtar bin Abu Obaidha was also not in Kufa. Hazat Muslim stayed in
the house of Mukhtar. A lot of people gathered there , Abes bin Shabeeb,
Habib ibn-e-Mazaher and Saeed bin Abdullah made an exciting speeches over
there. As explained early the people of kufa were fed of from the bad
deeds of Al-e-Abufufiyyan therefore irrespective of the fact that they
were not the true Shia of Ahlal Bayt even then majority of them supported
the Shia movement and showed loyalty to Hazrat Muslim. No doubt it was
Shia movement but it was supported by the vast majority of Kufa who were
of Sunni belief.
Keeping the situation of Kufa and the support of majority in view Hazrat
Muslim wrote a letter to Imam Hussain inviting him to come to Kufa
immediately. The news spread all over in Kufa that Imam Hussain is soon
coming over here.
Yazeed was informed by his spies about the situation of Kufa so
immediately he directed the most cruel man Obaiddullah Ibn-e-Ziyyad to
Kufa to control the situation. Ibn-e-Ziyyad entered the Kufa while
he was hiding his face, people of Kufa who were waiting for Imam Hussain
thought that Imam Hussain has reached. so the people of kufa welcomed him
saying " Marhaba Ya Ibn-e- Rasoolullah. " and hundreds of the people were
walking with his camel. Ibn-e-Ziyyad was silent and was looking everyone very
carefully. When the city center reached it was announced that he is not
Imam Hussain but he is Obaidullah Ibne Ziyyad the new governor of Kufa.
This announcement shocked the people of kufa and they started leaving his
the every one was thinking himself quite unsafe as they were exposed
fully in front of Ibn-e-Ziyyad. Ibn-e-Ziyyad after taking over the
Kufa called the people in grand Masque and made a speech and
ordered the in-charge of every Muhallah that they must look carefully
and to ensure that there is no outsiders in their Muhallah and if they
failed to do so, they will be hanged in front of their own door. Now
we can easily estimate what could happed in Kufa as we know that the
majority of Kufa was not the true shia of Ahllal Bayt. They were only
supporting Imam Hussain to get rid of Yazeed. They were not spiritually
with Imam Hussain so when they found themselves in a dangerous situation ,
they changed their loyalties.
Hazrat Muslim for the first time considered himself to be unsafe.
Everybody was knowing that he was in Mukhtar's house therefore Hazrat
Muslim secretly shifted to Hani bin Urwa house. Muslim bin Usaja and
Abu Shamama Sa'eed was working secretly to get the support of the people
for Hazrat Muslim.
Altimetry through his spies Ibn-e-Ziyyad got the information that Hazrat
Muslim is staying in the house of Hani bin Urwa . Hani was
called by Ibn-e-Ziyyad , Ibn-e-ziyyad asked Hani to handover Hazrat Muslim
to him but he refused to do so and ultimately Hani was put in the Jail and
On the news that Hani was kept under rest , Hazrat Muslim decided to come
out and to fight with enemies openly. As under the extreme circumstances
Hazrat Muslim all of sudden stood up for action so it was not possible for all
those people who did the Ba'at ( about 18 thousands ) to get togather
as the whole Kufa was watched by the Ibn-e-Ziyyad spies, even then about
four thousand people managed to reach Hazrat Muslim to fight
against his enemies but as they were not well organized so they were not able to
fight against the well trained force of the government. Many of them
could not go forward and only few hundred were left with Muslim and they
were belonging to different tribes. From the morning Ibn-e-Ziyyad called
of the heads of the tribes and kept them in the Darul Ammara ( Govt. House
) Inb-e-Ziyyad ordered that anybody coming from out of city to help
Mulim must be arrested so Abdul A'la Kalbi and Ammarah Bin Selkhub
Azdi who were coming with arm to help Hazrat Muslim were arrested and was
All incoming and outgoing passages were blacked and no help was passable
to reach up to Hazrat Mulim and Ibin-e-Ziyyad ordered all heads of
tribes who were kept in the Darul Ammar to go to the roof of Dar Ul Ammar
and tell your people who are yet helping Muslim that very big army is
coming from Damascus which will kill you and will destroy your houses.
This news spread a great fear all over. Women came and hold the hands of
their husband, fathers and brothers and took them to home. Hazrat Muslim was
left alone and ultimately was killed after a bloody battle.
Very small group of Shia -e- Imam Hussain in Kufa was in a very
critical and dangerous state because their planning to rose the
people against the govt. of Ibn-e-Ziyyad was failed as the mass majority
of Kufa could not stand with them. Mukhtar , Obaiddullah Bin Hares and
many other people were arrested. As per Tibri Vol-7, Page-18 no such
man was left out side who could be suspected to be Shia of Imam Hussain .
This was the general condition of Kufa. From the above historical
discussion we came to know the following two fact.
1. There was a small group of real Shia in Kufa . They tried to bring the
revolution in Kufa. No doubt first they wrote a letter to Imam
Hussain to invite him to Kufa. The mass majority of Kufa which was not of Shia
in a true sense, they never accepted Hazrat Ali as a first caliph of
Holy Prophet but they accepted Hazrat Ali as the fourth Caliph
of the Holy Prophet so they were Ahlay Sunnah but as they were not happy
with the humiliated behavior of Al-e-Abu Sufiyyan so they wanted to
support Imam Hussain and they insured the real Shia of Imam Hussain that
they will stand with them to bring the revolution and will welcome Imam
Huusin in Kufa, therefore majority of the people also wrote the letter to
Imam Hussain but they could not with stand against the pressure of the
Govet. of Ibn-e-Ziyyad.
2. In the light of historical fact all the prominent shia of Kufa
by some mean managed to reach Imam Hussain in Karbala and scarified their
lives ( as we will mentioned in detail below ).
The revolutionary and the real Jamat of Shia
in Kufa who wanted Imam Hussain to
come to Kufa to bring revolution against the Al-e-Abu Sufiyyan were
Sulaiman bin Surd, Habib ibn-e-Mazaher,
Sa'eed Ibne Abdullah, Abdul Rahman Ibn-e-Abdullah, Qais bin Masahr , Hani bin Urwa , Muslim bin Uosja, Abes bin Abi Shabeeb
Shakri, Mukhtar bin Abu Obaid Saqafi, Abu Shamama bin Sa'edi , Nafay
bin Helal, Hanzala bin
Yazeed bin Ziyyad bin Muhajer, Abu Shasha
Al-Kindi, Majma bin Abdullah, Aiz bin Majma, Umer bin Khalid Sa'eedi,
Junadah bin Hares, Suid bin Umer
bin Samama Asadi, Yousaf bin
HaredMandani, Malik bin Abdullah, Sawar bin Muna'm , Umer bin Qarzah
Ansari, Nasim bin Ejlan Ansari, Abdullah bin Bashir ,
Umra-o-Qais, Bashir bin Umer al-kindi, Abdullah bin Urwah, Abdulrahman bin
Urwah Ghafari, Abdullah bin Ume'r Kalbi, Muslim bin Kaseer Azdi,
Abdullah Azdi, Qasim bin Habib Azdi, Zuhair bin Muslim Azdi, Numan bin
Ammr, Halas bin Ammr, Masood bin Hajaj Tamimi, Bakar bin Hai Tamimi,
Jareen bin Malik Tamimi, Umar bin Sanbeyah Tamimi, Habab bin Ammer Tamimi,
Umaiyah bin Saad Tai, Zargham bin Malik Sualbi, Kanana bin Ateeq,
bin Zuhair, Masqath bin Zuhair
bin Ali Shabani,
The above was a real Shia Jamat of Kufa, as we mentioned early in this article that all the
passages of kufa were blacked and were carefully watched by the Govet. Anyone found suspected, who could help Imam Hussain, was caught and
killed but in spite of all these hardels, al most all except few by
some means managed to reached Imam Hussain in Karbala and scarified their
lives on their Imam. Among these Mukhtar Saqfi was arrested and was put in
the Jail. After the event of Karbala when Mukhtar was released from the
Jail, with in two years he brought a successful revolution in Kufa
and killed all Qatlan-e-Imam Hussain, an other prominent shia leader Sulaiman
bin Surd Khazi who could not reached Karbala after the event of Karbala
with his companions fought against Qatelaan-e-Imam Hussain till his
So the real Shia Jamat of Kufa
proved that they were not like the mass of Kufa, They were real Shia of
Ahlay Bait, They wanted Imam Hussain in Kufa but when the mass of Kufa
did not prove the loyalty and Imam Hussain was surrounded by the enemies
in Karbala then the real Shia Jamat of Kufa managed to reached Karbala and scarified
themselves on Imam
Asalamualikum Ya Ansar Deen -ul- Allah.