the name of God the Beneficent the Merciful
-E-IMAM HUSSAIN A.S.
PART - II
Historical look on the
Mazhab of Qatelan-e-Hussain
In the first part of the
article we have cleared that Qatelan-e-Imam Hussain A.S. infect were
having no obligation to Islam. They were black spot for Islam but to deceive
the Muslim masses they were putting a light curtain of Islam on their
faces to hide their ugly faces, so here we have to see that to which sect
of Islam they were linked. To know this fact we have
to study the following two important factors.
1st. Factor :-
What was the
base of Qatly -e- Imam
2nd. Factor :-
In the Aqa'ed of which Muslim sect, the concept and
the base on which the Qatly of Imam
Hussian was committed could be adjusted
So by finding
out the answer to these factors
will help us to locate the sect to which those people belonged.
Its a historical fact that Qatly-e- Hussain is base
on the refusal of so called Khilafat of Yazeed . Due to the refusal of so
called Khilafat, Imam Hussain was surrounded among a lot of miseries and
calamities, and the holy blood of Imam Hussian was spread all over the
burning desert of Karbala.
When Mawiyah started a move for getting favor for the Khilafat of Yazeed , for this he used all possible means of this
government . Therefore, five people who refused to accept this so- called Khilafat were Imam Hussain, Abdullah Ibn-e -Zubair, Abdullah
Ibn-e-Abbas, Abdul Rahman Ibn-e-Abi-Bakar and Abdullah Ibn-e-Umar. Imam
Hussain was the prominent figure among these.
After the death of Mawiyah, Yazeed
sent a letter to
the governor of Madina Waleed Ibn-e-Utba in which he informed him about the
death of his father Mawiyah and with that letter he sent separate paper on which he
ordered him to take the Beyyat
from Imam Hussain and other four people.
Waleed though was from Bani Umaiyyah
yet he was not
so cruel and he did not want to put undue pressure on Imam Hussain. Marwan suggested
him to take the Beyyat from Imam Hussain even by force and on refusal he
must be resulted to death, but Waleed did not accept his suggestion, at
the same time Waleed called Imam Hussain and gave him the massage of
There was no doubt that if Imam Hussain had not left the Madina it
was just possible that under pressure, Waleed could have committed the
same what Umar Ibn-e-Sa'ad did under the pressure of Ibn-e-Ziyyad or
Waleed could has been replaced by some other cruel governor who could shed
the blood of Imam Hussain in the holy city of Madina.
( Tibri - Vol-6, Page 188 -
reached the holy city of Makkah and after few day Imam A.S. sent Hazrat
Muslim bin Aqeel to kufa to know the exact situation of Kufa. As the
people of Kufa were very much angry with the Government of Yazeed so
they welcomed the arrival of Hazrat Muslim in Kufa. The Governor of Kufa
Nu'maan bin Basher was peaceful man so he did not resist to the
presence of Hazrat Muslim. The spies of Yazeed informed him that Muslim
bin Aqeel is in Kufa and is taking the Beyyat on behalf of Imam
Hussain, if you want to stop the fall of Kufa into the hands of Muslim you
must appoint some strong governor over here who could prevent the
fall of Kufa. On the receipt of this information from Kufa , Yazeed
consulted, Sarjon (the former consultant of his father). Sarjon
handed over him the last order of his father ( Ma'wiya ) in which he was asked to appoint Obaidullah Ibn-e-Ziyyad as a
Governor of Kufa. He immediately wrote the letter to Ibn-e-Zayyad
(who was in Basra ) to take over as a Governor of Kufa and to
stop the revote of Kufa against him with force. (
Tibri - Vol-6,
Page- 99-200 )
Finally Imam Hussain A.S. reached Karbala on the
2nd. of Muharram 61. Hijri. Umer Ibn-e-Saad on the order of
Ibn-e-Ziyyad also reached Karbala. Imam Hussain A.S. was
surrounded by the forces of Umer Ibn-e-Sa'ad. On the 7th.of Muharram the
water was stopped for Imam Hussain and his followers and ultimately on the
10th of Muharram 61 H.J. the holy blood of Imam Hussain and his follower
including his brothers and children was shed all over the burning dissert
Now for a while think over the
following questions .
Imam Hussain A.S. migrated from the holy city of Madina ?
Obaidullah Ibn-e- Ziyyad was pointed as a Governor of Kufa ?
was the demand of Ibn-e-Ziyyad from Imam Hussain , on the refusal of that
the holy blood of Imam Hussain and all his companions was shed over the
dissert of Karbala.
Reply to the
above questions is ............. Refusal to the Khilafa of
in the light of above historical facts we reached to the conclusion that
the reason of Qatl-e-Hussain was due to the Refusal of Khilafat of Yazeed.
Now it is
our duty to find out honestly and sincerely that which sect of Islam
recognizes and justifies the Khilafat of Yazeed .
recognized fact that in the shia school of thought not only the khilafat
of Yazeed but even the Khilafat of his forefathers does not get a place.
Shia ideology has rejected that whole series of Khilafat whose fifth
or sixth is Yazeed.
We do not like to say
any thing from our own about the sunni concept of Khilafat but
at least we have the right to put forward the writings of a great sunni
scholar Sheikh Jalalodeen Sayutti,
He writes in this famous book "Tareekh-ul-Khulafa, " I am going to write the life history of Khulafa
who were Ameerul
Momineen and the sole head of Ummat-e-Islamia. ( we must keep in mind
that he is calling all of them Ameerul Momineen whose life
history he is going to write in this book. ) So when we study his
book Tareekh-ul-Khulafa on page No. 205 of this book he writes with the
heading " Yazeed Ibn-e-Moawiya Abu Khalid al Ummwi " and under this
heading he writes the life history of Yazeed as the Ameerul Momineen of
Ummat-e-Islamia. In the same book Page-9, where he has written the
name of Khulafa of Ummat-e-Islamia he writes like this " The first was
Abubakar, then Umar, then Usman then Ali and then after the peace pact of
Hassan Mawiyah and then Yazeed. So from this list according to this sunni
scholar the Yazeed is a true
caliph and Ameerul Momineen of Islam.
scholar of Ahlay Sunnah Hafiz Ibn-e-Hajr Aqlani in the Sherah of Bukhari
writes that Yazeed's Khilafat was true and legal Khilafat of Islam.
the above two Sunni Scholars point of view, there remains no doubt about the Mazhab of Yazeed.
III part of the article we will discuss the more Historical Facts
about the Mazhab-e-Qatelan-e-Hussain.