GHALAT FEHMEYIA AUR UNKA AZALAH.
Misconceptions and the Facts .
There are a lot of misconceptions about Shiait which were spread during bani Umia and Bani Abbas regimes, so that people should be away from Shiait because the Shiait never recognized these cruel regimes as as an Islamic regimes, and the principle was followed by the later regimes as well. The followers of Bani Umia are contributing to those misconceptions till to present date. Therefore some important misconceptions and the facts and the reply to them are there by given below :-
Shi'a disassociate ( Tabarra ) themselves from people they consider to be enemies of God and Muhammad's progeny ( Ahl Al Byat ). The Prophets (AS) were greatest (of them Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was the highest), and The Prophets (AS) mentions in a famous hadith that the only recompense he seeks is love for him and his Ahl-ul Bayt (people of his house) (AS). See also Qur'an 42:23 and 33:33. The Shi'a disassociate themselves from people who Sunnis consider to be righteous companions of Muhammad (AS) because the Sunnis' definition of a righteous companion does not adhere with the teachings of Muhammad (AS). More accurately, it can be stated that Shi'a and Sunni differ on who the companions of Muhammad were, and even among those agreed on, Shi'a do not consider all of them to be fully sincere because of their actions and hostile treatment toward the Prophet's family following his death .
The Shi'a do not see themselves as a political sect, in fact, some interpretations of the Shi'a state that one should not get involved into politics before the re-emergence of the twelfth imam.
Shia's do not believe that Imamat is inherited but instead individuals were chosen by God. This is why the brother might be chosen or the youngest child might be chosen which is not the case with royal inheritance
Shia have the exact same Qur'an as the Sunnis, but believe that the Imam Mahdi will bring the Quran which has the Tafseer of Hazrat Ali which was not accepted by the early Khulafa .
Shias say that "God is the greatest" after their prayer and do not believe that angels or God can make mistakes. (For reference, See article http://al-islam.org/underattack/2.htm )
Shi'as believe that the Prophet was the greatest man who was and will be created. They believe the Imams were sent on this earth to continue preaching the message of the Holy Prophet(s); thus a full and exact knowledge of the message is required. Therefore, the Imams, who act as middlemen between God and His followers, must have the same knowledge of the message to be transmitted as the prophets who originally received the message in order to pass it on in its exact form. Also Allah (Swt) promised the people that He would never leave the ummah without a living guide, thus following the death of Prophet Muhammad (AS), Imam Ali (AS) was the rightful and appointed successor by the Prophet himself.)
Its totally False. The words above are twisted and changed entirely with added and wrong meaning to portray a very wrong picture of a Shia scholarly theory that resembles in no way with what has been stated above. Even the original scholarly theory, though completely different in words and meaning, is not an obligatory belief of the Shia
This fairy tale misconception is commonly used with the claim that ibn-e Saba was a Jew and that it was a Jewish conspiracy. This man was an extremist and his faith and the faith of the people in his small sect (see below) is not within the boundaries of Islam according to both Sunni and Shia schools of thought. See below, 'Ghulat' and 'Ibn Saba' for details. (See reference http://al-islam.org/underattack/5.htm Also see http://www.answering-ansar.org/answers/ayesha/en/chap3.php and http://www.al-islam.org/encyclopedia/chapter10/1.html
Although some minor sects do claim that Ali was a re-incarnation of Allah, Ali himself rejected this, and Shia and Sunnis both reject these groups as being outside the bounds of Islam. called 'Ghulat' or Nusaari.
This is again incorrect. Islam has no room for racialism as documented by various books of the sayings of the Prophet Muhammad. The Shia-Muslims are currently in majority in the Persian lands (Iran). The cruel Ummayyad Merwanid Abbasid Monarchs murdered and oppressed the Shia and the Descendants of the family of the Prophet (Banu Hashim, the clan of the Prophet and the Ahl-e Bayt, the People of the House, which include the 12 Imams) and drove them out of Hijaz, currently Saudi Arabi, long ago (See book, History of the Prophets and Kings, translated by Watt, Montgomery, written by Muhammad Ibn Jarir Al-Tabari, the oldest translations of his book were made in French. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarikh_al-Tabari See also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Abbasid_dynasty Rifts with the Shia). The Shia are not fond of Saddam Hussain as he was an admirer of the Umayyad and Abbasid works and according to him '..The survivors of the Karbala should have been finished with Imam Hussain and this whole matter would have ended there...'. Truth is, the Abbasid came into power using the Shia and when their monarchs, particularly, Al-Mansur ignored the religion of God and busied himself in stabilizing the regime and gaining power, the Shia leadership withdrew their support for the Abbasids. Without religious backing of the scholars, no one could have ruled the Arabian kingdom and thus the Sunni scholars were brought forth and their religious works were adopted as state religion and brutally enforced.
False. Any Muslim scholar can write their own Tafsir or detailed explanation of Qu'ran. It may have been a personal collection of explanation of the verses in Qur'an called Tafsir among other prayers which was what she heard from her father, the Holy Prophet Muhammad, through her life. Shi'a believe in the exact same arabic text Qur'an, with 114 chapters, as the one the Sunni possess today (See reference, Works of Sheikh Sadooq, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al-Sadooq ).
False. See 'Ghulat' mentioned above. In this fictional story woven by the claimants, they also claim that Ibn-e Saba killed the third caliph Usman and instated Ali bin Abi Talib as the fourth caliph of Islam, which is obviously a prepostrous attempt on history. (For reference, see http://al-islam.org/underattack/5.htm Also see http://www.al-islam.org/encyclopedia/chapter10/1.html
Fact and Answer:
Scroll the page further for an answer. (For reference, see http://www.answering-ansar.org/answers/ayesha/en/index.php)
Such allegations have
encouraged various orientalists and their followers such as Ahmad Amin
to attack the Shi'a in their writings. Even the Encyclopaedia of Islam has
not been immune from these attacks. One can find biased statements from
the Belgian Henri Lammens (1862-1937) and the Hungarian Ignaz Goldziher
(1850-1921) in this encyclopedia against the Shi'a and their sanctities.
According to Nasr, most parts of the two or three other books and
discourses that exist in English are the products of the minds of several
Christian missionaries "who have spent their lives trying to
annihilate and refute the Shi'i thought"
The very opinion of orientalists of the past century that considered the Shi'a form of deviation and heresy from true Islam (bid'ah) has thus come to be accepted in most western circles today There are those that even consider the Shi'a as an "invention" by some particular groups. However, these groups ignore history in that their own parent sects were a result of state sponsored Imams who were supposed to endeavor for God, and collect and record the sayings and life works of the Holy Prophet, much later on during the rule of the Abbasid monarchs (See reference, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tarikh_al-Tabari ). Shia is not even a proper name for a sect as compared to their own. The name 'Shia of Ali' was what the rebels of those times liked to call those people who followed Ali bin Abi Talib, the fourth Caliph of Islam. The term 'Shia' has been carried on since then and the Arabic word 'Shia' can also be found in the Qur'an, e.g. 'Shia of Moses' (See Qur'an 28:15).
Claims and their Answers
The Shia believe that Muhammad, through Divine guidance, knew that
some of the companions were hypocrites so this claim is baseless. The
chapter of Qur'an called The Hypocrites is an irrefutable proof that there
indeed were hypocrites in the vast company of the Holy Prophet. The reason
why most of these people were not pointed out is due to the delicate state
Islam was in at it's birth, as it needed care and nurturing so the message
could ultimately reach all of humanity.
Shi'a Answer: Marital relations do not make one idealistically synonymous especially during those times. However, Umar was not Ali's son-in-law. The husband of umme kulthum (Ali's daughter) was Aun bin Ja'far and not Umar. Just a false story.
Shi'a Answer: Imam Hassan, son of Ali ibn Abi Talib, was never fond of Muawiya because of his treachery and Muawiya later got him assassinated like his father before him. Muawiya's worst action was empowering his son Yazid who's notorious character and action is known to all and well documented even today. This also corrupted the very basic Islamic idea, that should have been the life support of it through time, that only the best of the Momineen, character and piety wise, can be Amir-ul-Momineen, the rightly guided Imams, are qualified to be Caliphs of the Islamic state, but certainly not the power hungry monarchs who preceded Yazid and severely damaged Islam. This is the very basic Shia view of running the state and has been made the bone of contention by the Islamic state run by monarchs.
Absolutely false. Our Imams are of the family of the Prophet and rightly
guided and true guidance may only be received through them. These are
people who, like the Holy Prophet, spent their lives in service of God, in
poverty and adverse conditions, always threatened by the Arabian monarchs.
They are servants of God and guides to humanity. That is our faith.