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In the name of God the Beneficent the Merciful

DUO SILSILE DOO RASTE

 PART-2  Discussion ,  ON WAY OF PRECAUTION :-

 

           We are standing on an intersection ( Doraha ) and if we can not surely decide which option is to be adopted so in such a situation, the way of precaution will be the best. Now under the law of precaution we will discuss some of the basic concepts and the actions (Amal ) of both  the ways or  schools of thoughts, and see which one is the way of precaution.

     The Khelafath :-( Islamic leadership )

        On the concept of Khelafath both schools of thought ( Sunni & Shia ) have     basic differences.

Sunni Point of View :-

                 According to Sunni point of view the Holy Prophet left this world without giving any  decision on the issue of  Khelafath. After the death of Holy Prophet the people of Madina got together to nominate some one as a head of Islamic state or as a caliph (the  Successor )of the Holy Prophet. By some means the people of Madina  appointed Hazrat Abu Baker as a Caliph of the Holy Prophet , So the Khelafath of Hazret Abu Bakar was erected by the decision of the people of Madina which was later on enforced by law in the whole Islamic state. By leaving a little minority rest whole of the Muslim world bowed to that enforced Khelafath. Now if some one contradicts to this Khelafath is as  he has contradicted to the decision of the majority. 

Theme of Sunni Point Of View :-

            By deep thinking on this point of view we come to the conclusion that according to this point of view there is no instruction or order to be followed from God or from the Holy Prophet about Khelafath therefore, if some one contradicts or opposes to this erected Khelafath means that he is not opposing to any order of God or of the Holy Prophet but he is only opposing to the decision of the majority of the Muslims. Anyone  who opposes to the decision of the majority cannot be accused according to the law of Sheriat because even to day in the Muslim world the existence of opposite party which contradict to the decision of the majority of the Muslim is lawfully accepted and they can never be considered  the opponent of Islam though they are the opponent of the  government which is erected by the majority of the Muslims. According to this point of view opposing or not accepting the erected Khelafath does not at all effect the Akherat ( the life after death ) can be that the opposing group has to face a lot of hardship in this world. 

Shia Point of View :-

             According to Shia point of view the Holy Prophet by the order of God at Ghdeer-e-Khum in an extra ordinary gathering of Sahaba-e-Karam ( more than 100,000 Sahaba-e-Karam ) appointed Hazrat Ali as his Successor, Caliph and the head of whole Islamic state after him. All those Sahaba-e-Karam who were present there accepted this decision happily or unhappily and the Holy Prophet put the responsibility on all those who were present there to convey this message to all those who were not present there. Although there were some people and groups who did not accept this nomination from the core of their heart but still they did not contradict there openly. After the death of Holy Prophet all these who were not happy by this nomination  refused the khelafath of Hazrat Ali so they gathered and nominated Hazrat Abu Baker as a Caliph of the Holy Prophet and in doing so they got a great support of all those groups who were highly against the Hazrat Ali .   (Such groups and individual were discussed in detail in our first article Ajre Risalat )

            According to Shia point of view the nomination of Hazrat Ali as a Caliph of the Holy Prophet was by the order of God so any one who refuses or contradicts  this nomination has rejected  and opposed  the order of God and the Holy Prophet. And according to the Holy Quran all those who oppose or reject the order of God are errant and have ended themselves in disastrous state.

   

         Now by keeping both concepts in view decide the way of precaution . . . . . . ?       

    Prayer :-

        Prayer is the most important  Islamic practice (aml) and it must be performed exactly as the Holy Prophet himself performed.

     Sunni Point of View :-

        According to Sunni point of view the Holy Prophet performed prayer in both  ways by folding  his arms as well as by keeping the arms open freely on his sides. Both ways are correct. So with in Sunni school of thought one of their sect Malki pray by keeping their arms open .

      Shia Point Of View:-

        According to Shia point of view the Holy Prophet never fold his arms while praying ,All the A-Eima of this school of thought strongly reject the idea of folding of arms during prayer. therefore if anyone who prays by folding his arm is contradicting  the Holy Prophet so the prayers of his whole life will go in vain without any reward.

          Now by keeping both concepts in view find the way of precaution . . . . . . ?

    

  FAST :-

Sunni Point of View :-

        According to Sunni point of view the Fast must be ended just with the sunsets . If someone delays in braking the fast,then his fast will be devalued ( Makroo ). Makroo means that aml will be correct but its return in form of reward ( Sawab ) will decrease it means that instead of 100% reward one may get 70% or so. As per this point of view not braking the fast  with the sun set does not endanger the aml itself but results in decrease of its reward.

Shia Point Of View :-

      According to Shia point of view the ending of fast is not at the normal sunset but at Sheri sunset ( Sheri Ghroob ) and its indication is that after the sunset the darkness rising from the east should reach over the head, and it is about eight minutes after the sunset. Now according to this point of view if some one has broken his fast even one minute before the sheri Ghroob he is like some one who has broken his fast before time and he has to pay a penalty. And plenty is to keep sixty fasts to cover up his mistake. Now if some one in full month of Ramzan keep braking his fast at sun set means that instead he remained hungry and thirsty through out the month and at the end of Ramzan instead of getting any reward he has to pay penalty of 1830 fasts and if through out his life one remained practicing the same how much he will be under penalty (countless ). So what he got , through out his life remained fasting and died under heavy penalty ( for a average life about penalty of 90000 fasts ) instead of any reward.

 

Now by keeping both concepts in view find the way of precaution . . . . . . ?

 

  1.     HAJJ  :-

     In Hajj or Umra there is one important action (performance) called Tawaf-un-Nisa see the concept of both schools of thought about it.

 Sunni Point of View :-

     Tawaf-un-Nisa is not recognized by Sunni school of thought therefore, the people performing Hajj or Umra according to Sunni teachings do not perform Tawaf-un-Nisa.

      Shia Point of View :-

        According to Shia school of thought the Tawaf-un-Nisa is a necessary part of Hajj or Umra and it must be performed by all those who are performing Hajj or Umra. As with the beginning of Aehram for Hajj or Umra like many other things the relations of husband and wife become restricted till the one performing Hajj or Umra performs Tawaf-un-Nisa. Even if the unmarried boy or girl perform Hajj or Umra and did not perform Tawaf-un-Nisa they can not marry till they perform Tawaf-un-Nisa and if the husbandry relations are established they will be illegal( Haram) by Islamic point of view.

      Now if the Sunni point of view is correct that there is no Tawaf-un-Nisa than those who are performing Tawaf-un-Nisa have lost nothing except the hard work of one extra Tawaf and if the Shia point of view is correct that tawaf-un-Nisa is a must and without performing this Tawaf the husbandry relation through out the life will remain Haram and the future race coming into existence due to such relation will also be haram !( ILLICIT )

       

Now by keeping both concepts in view find the way of precaution . . . . . . ?

 

   The prayer of Tarawi :-

Sunni Point of View :-

         In the month of Holy Ramzan to pray some Nawafel ( may be eight, twelve or twenty ) in every night with Jamat is called Tarawi ( thought they can be performed individually but normally as far as possible they are performed with Jamaat )

Shia Point of view :-

         In Shia point of view there are also some Nawafel to be performed in the every  night during the Holy month of Ramzan.  But according to their concept the Nawafel can not be performed with Jamat and they have to be performed individually otherwise with jamat they will be Batel ( deserving no reward )

     Now both have performed Nawafel if the Sunni point of view is correct then the Shias will be also rewarded but with less reward because the reward with Jamaat is always more then individual performance,  but still their performance is reward able and if the Shia point of view is correct that by performing  Nawafel with Jamaat will result  the whole performance rewardless ( Batal ).

 

Now by keeping both concepts in view find the way of precaution . . . . . . ?

 

 Conclusion :-

        The few basic Aqaid (Concept ) and Ammal of both schools of thought are presented. Now the one who is standing on the intersection   (Doraha ) is to adopt the way of precaution because the way of precaution is the way of success which never put in disaster.

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